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The Executive Council (EC) of WMO at EC-LX in 2008 established the EC Panel of Experts on Polar Observations, Research and Services (EC-PORS), which has responsibility for WMO Polar activities. This is the entry point to all WMO Programmes and to external partners seeking to collaborate with WMO on polar activities. The aim is to bring observations, research and services together allowing WMO to maximize the value of its and its partners’ investments in Polar Regions.

At its First Session in Ottawa (Canada), 13 – 15 October 2009, the EC-PORS discussed the timeliness of a Polar Prediction System and started the development of a concept paper. At the Second Session in Hobart, Australia, 18 – 20 October 2010, the EC-PORS agreed on a decadal initiative to develop a polar prediction system, entitled the Global Integrated Polar Prediction System (GIPPS). The word “Global” reflects that it would be an international effort and that the poles affect systems (weather, climate, hydrological, biological, chemical, etc) globally; “Integrated” reflects the interconnections between all these systems, and also because the System itself will be based on the principles of research, observations and services that are integrated and aligned.

The Panel recognizes that GIPPS needs to meet ‘user requirements’ through accurate prediction of the future state of the atmosphere, (upper) ocean, and hydrosphere/cryosphere for high northern and southern latitudes, and with the support of appropriate observational systems and enabling scientific research and development. Three distinct time scales are envisioned for the system: short (hours to months), medium (years to decades) and long (centuries). Important linkages with major research programs and activities that are focusing on the three timescales are essential, e.g. the WWRP-THORPEX/WCRP Polar Prediction (short-term), WCRP’s “Seasonal to Multi-decadal Predictability of Polar Climate” (medium term), and long-term projection (in the IPCC sense) of ice sheet mass balance and sea level for the next few centuries. Important stakeholders in this engagement include the WMO technical commissions, regional associations, the IOC, Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM), the Arctic Council, key science groups such as the ICSU, SCAR, IASC and WCRP, ECMWF and NMHSs with polar activities.

The GIPPS concept, developed by the EC-PORS Research and Services Task Teams and endorsed by World Meteorological Congress in 2011, is presented below. This concept is the umbrella of two subsequent endeavors: The WWRP-THORPEX Polar Prediction Project and The WCRP Polar Climate Predictability Initiative. These two projects concentrate their activities on the short-term (1.) and the long-term (2.) aspects of polar prediction.

Presented by Peter Lemke, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, at the 9th CliC Scientific Steering Group meeting in Potsdam, Germany 2013.

A.Klepikov- Antarctic Observational Network (AntON)
(Media / A.Klepikov- Antarctic Observational Network (AntON))
Enabling Antarctic climate prediction (AACP): The Antarctic Observational Network (AntON) on the base of outcomes of WMO EC-PORS meetings, presented by Alexander Klepikov at the 8th CliC Scientific Steering Group meeting in Innsbruck, Austria 2012.
Final Implementation Plan for the WWRP Polar Prediction Project
(Media / Final Implementation Plan for the WWRP Polar Prediction Project)
Final Implementation Plan for the WWRP Polar Prediction Project Available There has been a growing interest in the polar regions in recent years, because of concerns about amplification of anthropogenic climate change. Furthermore, increased economic and transportation activities in polar regions...
JKey- A Global Cryosphere Watch
(Media / JKey- A Global Cryosphere Watch)
The International Polar Year (IPY) helped demonstrate the urgent need for a sustained, robust, end-to-end cryosphere observing and monitoring system, not only for polar regions, but globally. In 2007, the World Meteorological Congress supported a proposal to create a Global Cryosphere Watch...

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