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CliC News

Here's what has been happening lately in CliC. Let us know if you have things to share.

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Minutes Available: CliC Leadership Online Meeting - An Update from the Targeted Activities

thumbnail minutes dec2015The Minutes summarizing the discussion during the CliC Leadership online meeting are now available. On December 14, 2015, the CliC Leadership had a very productive meeting about the various CliC Targeted Activities (TAs). The TA Leads gave an update on what happened in 2015 and announced their plans for 2016.

Read the Minutes here.
Find out more about the CliC Leadership Online meetings here.

Lawrence Hislop Appointed CliC Executive Director

LawrenceHislopCliC is happy to announce that Lawrence Hislop has been appointed as the new Executive Director of the WCRP CliC International Project Office, generously hosted at the Norwegian Polar Institute in Tromsø, Norway.

Lawrence is from Montreal, Canada and has more than ten years of international experience leading UN and EU funded projects, and has produced many environmental assessments and related communications products. From 2009-2014, Lawrence led the Polar and Cryosphere programme at GRID-Arendal in Norway and collaborated on projects with the Arctic Council, University of the Arctic and UNEP-linked activities in Polar and mountain regions. He was also on the management team of the Himalayan Climate Adaptation Programme (HICAP) from 2011 - 2014 and initiated long-term research on environmental impacts in Nepal, India, Pakistan and China. In addition to his research work, Lawrence also produces documentary photography, films and infographics.
The CliC Community wishes a warm welcome to Lawrence!

Minutes Available: CliC Leadership Online Meeting - An Update from the Model Intercomparison Projects (MIPs)

Thumbnail MinutesThe Minutes summarizing the discussion during the CliC Leadership online meeting are now available. On November 24, 2015, the CliC Leadership had a very productive meeting about the various CliC Model Intercomparison Projects (MIPs). The MIP Leads gave an update on what happened in 2015 and announced their plans for 2016.

Read the Minutes here.
Find out more about the CliC Leadership Online meetings here.

Circular Available: International Symposium on the Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

-The International Symposium on the Cryosphere in a Changing Climate is a CliC co-sponsored conference

cryoinachangingclimatelogoThe First Circular of the International Symposium on the Cryosphere in a Changing Climate is now available.International Symposium on the Cryosphere in a Changing Climate is now available.

The International Symposium will be held in Wellington, New Zealand, from 12 to 17 February 2017. The event is co-sponsored by the International Glaciological Society (IGS), the International Association of Cryospheric Sciences (IACS), and CliC.

This is the first international symposium that will bring together three of the leading international organisations in the field of cryospheric research: IGS, IACS and CliC. The theme of the conference ‘The Cryosphere in a Changing Climate’ is global in scope with a focus on physical processes within the cryosphere, and interactions between the cryosphere and the climate system.

CliC Co-Chair Gerhard Krinner, CliC-WCRP Joint Scientific Committee Liaison James Renwick and CliC Activity leads Ben Galton Fenzi,  Marika Holland, and Marilyn Raphael are members of the International Symposium Scientific Steering and Editorial Committee.

New Paper Published: Arctic Freshwater Synthesis: Summary of Key Emerging Issues

-The Arctic Freshwater Synthesis is a CliC Targeted Activity

CliC IASC AMAPIn response to a joint request from CliC, the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), and the Arctic Council's Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP) an updated scientific assessment has been conducted of the Arctic Freshwater System (AFS), entitled the Arctic Freshwater Synthesis (AFSΣ). The major reason behind the joint request was an increasing concern that changes to the AFS have produced, and could produce even greater, changes to biogeophysical and socioeconomic systems of special importance to northern residents and also produce extra-Arctic climatic effects that will have global consequences. The AFSΣ was structured around six key thematic areas: atmosphere, oceans, terrestrial hydrology, terrestrial ecology, resources, and modeling, the review of each coauthored by an international group of scientists and published as separate manuscripts in this special issue of Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences.

This AFSΣ summary manuscript was published in October, 2015, before the rest of the Synthesis. The Summary reviews key issues that emerged during the conduct of the synthesis, especially those that are cross-thematic in nature, and identifies future research required to address such issues.

The publication and Open-Access costs for the AFSΣ summary manuscript were covered by CliC. The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has provided a substantial amount of funding to support the scientific analysis of the project.

The AFSΣ summary is available here.

Read more about the AFS here.

Citation: Prowse, T., A. Bring, J. Mård, E. Carmack, M. Holland, A. Instanes, T. Vihma, and F. J. Wrona (2015), Arctic Freshwater Synthesis: Summary of key emerging issues, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 120, 1887–1893, doi:10.1002/2015JG003128.

10th Session of the CLIVAR/CliC/SCAR Southern Ocean Region Panel

-Contributed by Nico Caltabiano
-The Southern Ocean Region Panel is co-sponsored by CliC, CLIVAR, and SCAR

participants Frascati SORPmeetingThe CLIVAR/CliC/SCAR Southern Ocean Region Panel (SORP) met at the European Space Agency (ESA) headquarters in Frascati, Italy, on 24-25 September, to discuss progress of activities in the past year and plan future activities. The panel has strengthen the links with the Climate and Cryosphere (CliC) project by including in the membership expertise in areas such as sea-ice and ice shelves. The panel will also continue to work with Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS) on aspects of air-sea fluxes in the Southern Ocean, following the "SOOS/WCRP/ESA Workshop on Southern Ocean air-sea fluxes" that preceded the panel meeting. Air-sea fluxes is also a topic identified in the contribution from SORP to the Year of Polar Prediction (YOPP) plans. Metrics to be used by modelling groups in ocean model evaluation and ocean synthesis will also be revisited.

Presentations of the meeting will soon be made available online soon on webpage of the Tenth Session of the CLIVAR/CliC/SCAR Southern Ocean Region Panel. Stay tuned!

Minutes Available: CliC Leadership Online Meeting - An Update from the CliC Groups

Thumbnail GroupCallThe Minutes summarizing the discussion during the CliC Leadership online meeting are now available. On October 20, 2015, the CliC Leadership had a very productive meeting about the various CliC Working Groups, Fora, and Panels. Representatives from the various groups gave an update on what happened in 2015, announced their plans for 2016, and gave some details on their involvement in the Year Of Polar Prediction (YOPP), if any.

Read the Minutes here.
Find out more about the CliC Leadership Online meetings here.

Publication of Ice Rise Review Paper and Inventory

-Contributed by Kenny Matsuoka
-The 2013 International Workshop on Antarctic Ice Rises was co-sponsored by CliC

PictureIceRisesNewsItemA review paper on Antarctic ice rises and rumples is now published in Earth Science Reviews:
Matsuoka et al. (2015): Antarctic ice rises and rumples: Their properties and significance for ice-sheet dynamics and evolution. Earth Sci. Rev., vol. 150, pp.724-945.

This paper is a community paper contributed by 20 authors from multiple disciplines, including glaciology, geology, oceanography, atmospheric sciences, and climate. It reviews the current status of our knowledge, and highlights the knowledge gap, and discusses key directions of the future research. The inventorying work presented in the paper found 170 ice rises and 510 ice rumples. The inventoy is available here.

This is a direct output of an International Workshop on Antarctic Ice Rises in 2013, sponsered by SCAR's Standing Scientific Group of Physical Sciences, CliC, APECS, Research Council of Norway, British Antarctic Survey and Center for Ice, Climate and Echosystems of the Norwegian Polar Institute. We thank all of the workshop participants and the sponsors.

These paper/dataset as well as workshop presentation materials are downloadable from the workshop website hosted by CliC.

We hope that this paper is useful to develop ice rise/rumple research further.

Permafrost Carbon Network: October 2015 Update

-Contributed by the Permafrost Carbon Network (PCN)
-PCN is a CliC co-sponsored activity

permafrost carbon networkA few news items from the Permafrost Carbon Network….

1) A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon-climate feedback. This newly published article was led by Charlie Koven and is based on collective efforts and syntheses of many members of the Permafrost Carbon Network. The article is online available at Philosophical Transactions A.

Media summary: Permafrost is expected to lose carbon to the atmosphere in response to global warming, as increased soil temperatures lead to faster decomposition of old organic matter that is currently frozen in the ground.  We construct a model of permafrost soil carbon losses using multiple estimates of permafrost thermal dynamics, soil C stocks, and the response of permafrost soil carbon to experimental warming. Our results show that the magnitude of the feedback from thawing permafrost is a substantial fraction of the total global amount, and will play an important role in determining the amount of warming that accompanies fossil fuel release.

Koven CD, Schuur EAG, Schädel C, Bohn TJ, Burke EJ, Chen G, Chen X, Ciais P, Grosse G, Harden JW, Hayes DJ, Hugelius G, Jafarov EE, Krinner G, Kuhry P, Lawrence DM, Macdougall AH, Marchenko SS, Mcguire AD, Natali SM, Nicolsky DJ, Olefeldt D, Peng S, Romanovsky VE, Schaefer KM, Strauss J, Treat CC, Turetsky M (2015) A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 373, DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2014.0423

2) 2015 Arctic Observing Open Science Meeting, Nov 17-19, Seattle, WA: The meeting will focus on sharing science results, with a key goal to stimulate cross-project and cross-program investigator-driven collaboration that leads to high impact science products. The core of the meeting will be parallel science sessions that will include both talks and discussion period. The parallel session discussions will engage participants in sharing science results, developing concepts for new cross-program observation campaigns, new uses for existing data, and new observing technologies and new synthesis products,  including benchmark data sets and scientific papers. This is a great opportunity for individual scientists to interact with the broader interdisciplinary Arctic observing community. We also welcome modelers; you are well positioned to identify concepts for multi-scale benchmark data sets to inform models and their evaluation.

More information, including registration and abstract submission is available here.

3) AGU Session: Vulnerability of Permafrost Carbon to Climate Change.
Poster session will take place Wednesday, December 16, 8:00 am – 12.20 pm, Moscone South, Poster Hall
Oral Sessions will take place Thursday, December 17, 8:00 am - 4:00 pm, Moscone West, 2004
Special Session including a panel discussion will take place Thursday, December 17, 4:00 pm – 6:00 pm, Moscone West, 2004

4) The 5th Annual Meeting of the Permafrost Carbon Network takes place Sunday, December 13th, 2015(9:00 am – 4:30 pm) before AGU at the InterContinental in San Francisco (888 Howard Street).

In the morning, we will provide an update on previous and ongoing Permafrost Carbon Network activities and we will have short presentations by synthesis leads/co-leads about topics being discussed in breakout discussions in the afternoon. The detailed agenda is available on the PCN website.

This year, we are inviting everyone interested in Permafrost Carbon Network activities to attend the morning presentations, whereas the afternoon breakout discussions are optional and specifically for those that would like to be involved and actively contribute to a specific synthesis product. We encourage you to sign-up for one of the breakout discussions in the afternoon if you have data to contribute or want to contribute in another way to a synthesis product. Also attached to this email are short descriptions of the possible breakout topics.

It is important that everyone who plans to attend our meeting signs up for it by November 3rd, even if you have told us before that you are participating, please sign up.

You have the option to sign up for:
1) Morning presentations (9:00 am – 12:00 pm)
2) Lunch at InterContinental, provided by IASC and PCN (12:00-1:00pm)
3) Afternoon Breakout discussions (1:00-4:30 pm)
4) Choose your individual breakout discussion (1:00 – 3:30 pm)

The sign up form is available here.

For questions please contact Christina Schädel or Ted Schuur .

5) More recent publications:
Abbott BW, Jones JB (2015) Permafrost collapse alters soil carbon stocks, respiration, CH4, and N2O in upland tundra. Global Change Biology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13069

Hope C, Schaefer K (2015) Economic impacts of carbon dioxide and methane released from thawing permafrost. Nature Clim. Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate2807

Lawrence DM, Koven CD, Swenson SC, Riley WJ, Slater AG (2015) Permafrost thaw and resulting soil moisture changes regulate projected high-latitude CO2 and CH4 emissions. Environmental Research Letters, 10, 094011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/10/9/094011