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CliC News

Here's what has been happening lately in CliC. Let us know if you have things to share.

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Proposal for a New SOLAS-CliC Sea-Ice Biogeochemistry Forum

-Contributed by Martin Vancoppenolle, Jacqueline Stefels, Lisa Miller and Bruno Delille

solas clicBEPSII stands for "Biogeochemical Exchange Processes at the Sea Ice Interfaces". Behind this great acronym hides a group of researchers in sea ice biogeochemistry that started in 2010 and was formalized into a Scientific Committee on Oceanic research (SCOR) working group in 2012. BEPSII serves as a unique forum to put this community of both modellers and field scientists together, whereas nothing was existing before. BEPSII also actually does things and has three tasks group, formalizing our actions: 1) improve observation methods, 2) build large-scale databases and 3) upscale processes with models.
As usual, good things come to an end, and the SCOR funding source is expected to dry out in 2016. The activities of the group are not completed, though. Besides, the forum is seen by many as pretty useful. Therefore, means to maintain BEPSII are being sought and under the sun of Tuscany in March 2015, the idea of a joint Surface Ocean Law Atmosphere Study (SOLAS)-CliC forum has emerged as a potentially good basis for future activities. SOLAS for biogeochemistry. And CliC for sea ice.

The format and the terms of reference of this future thing are still to be discussed and conceived by the community, which was the goal of a discussion session at the SOLAS conference in Kiel, on September 8, 2015. The attendance, slightly more than 30 people, welcomed the effort. Networking possibilities with other organizations were suggested. The extension from pure sea ice biogeochemistry to the pelagic sea ice zone and to upper trophic levels of ecosystems was also suggested as a worthwile evolution. In this respect, we will explore whether the Integrated Marion Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research (IMBER) is interested to become a third party.

Next steps for this fall are to formalize this into forum proposals, and we all look forward not only to benefit from CliC’s networking possibilities and expertise, but also to provide CliC with a new field of expertise.

[BEPSII Facebook Page]

Minutes Available: CliC Leadership Online Meeting - An Update on the WCRP Grand Challenges

ThumbnailSept22CallThe Minutes summarizing the discussion during the CliC Leadership online meeting are now available. On September 22, 2015, the CliC Leadership had a very productive meeting about the WCRP Grand Challenges (GCs). During the call, WCRP Senior Scientific Officer Mike Sparrow gave an overview of all the WCRP Grand Challenges. The, CliC Co-Chair Greg Flato focused on the 'Melting Ice & Global Consequences' GC, that CliC is leading, and the various activities that it includes.

Read the Minutes here.
Find out more about the WCRP Grand Challenges.
Find out more about the CliC Leadership Online meetings here.

Abstract Submission Deadline: ESA-CliC Earth Observation and Cryosphere Science 2016

-The ESA-CliC Earth Observation and Cryosphere Science 2016 is co-organized by ESA and CliC

ESA-CliC pictureThe ESA-CliC Earth Observation (EO) and Cryosphere Science 2016, to take place from May 10 to 13, 2016, will be held in Prague Conference Centre, Prague, Czech Republic.

The Conference will be organized as a special event of the 2016 ESA Living Planet Symposium (LPS) to be held from May 9 to 13, 2016. The Conference scientific committee will be included in the LPS one with the same role as before. The organizing committee will be part of the LPS programme committee defining the programme of the conference, in this case, the Cryosphere special event.

As you may know, four years ago, the European Space Agency (ESA), the Climate and Cryosphere (CliC) Project of the WCRP and the European Geosciences Union (EGU) organised the first EO and Cryosphere Science Conference in the European Space Agency Research Institute (ESRIN).

After four years this meeting will be organized again, looking for a wide discussion and networking forum for the cryosphere, climate, hydrology, modelling and EO communities to review the latest advances in the use of EO for cryosphere science and discuss the main scientific opportunities and research challenges for the future.

The purpose of this topical conference, jointly organised by ESA and CliC, is:
-to assess recent progress in the full range of cryosphere relevant EO-based observations and techniques;
-to review the major scientific advances in cryosphere science;
-to discuss the challenges and opportunities in cryosphere science offered by the new generation of EO satellites as well as the major observational gaps for the coming decades;
-to consolidate a scientific roadmap outlining the main priorities and challenges for the cryosphere community in terms of novel observations, enhanced EO-based products and techniques and innovative scientific results.

The organising committee would like to invite you to participate and contribute to the 2016 Conference.

Please, submit your abstracts before October 16, 2015, using the dedicated link on the ESA Living Planet Symposium Website. Ensure to select "Cryosphere" as theme for your abstract. For more information on the event, visit the ESA-CliC Earth Observation and Cryosphere Science 2016 website.

Update: ISMIP6 Workshop at the International Glaciological Society Symposium 2015

-Contributed by Sophie Nowicki, NASA

ismip6logo BWThe Ice Sheet Model Intercomparison Project for CMIP6 (ISMIP6) held an afternoon workshop on Wednesday, August 19, 2015, during the International Symposium on Contemporary Ice-Sheet Dynamics: ocean interaction, meltwater and non-linear effects of International Glaciological Society held in Cambridge, UK. ISMIP6 plans to have workshops at every conference or meetings attended by steering committee members.

As it was the first workshop since the official endorsement of ISMIP6 by CMIP6 (6th version of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project), the meeting was a great opportunity to present to the ice sheet modelling community the ISMIP6 and CMIP6 frameworks, including the other MIPs that will take part in CMIP6, the CMIP6 timeline and the Grand Challenges of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP). The first ISMIP6 experiment that is specifically designed for standalone ice sheet model was also presented: iniMIP focuses on the impact of ice sheet model initialization procedure on future ice sheet evolution, and therefore aims to gain an understanding of the uncertainty in sea level projections due to initialization.

[ISMIP6 website]
[ISMIP6 workshop at IGS 2015 webpage]

Year of Polar Prediction Planning Summit

-Contributed by CliC YOPP Fellows Alice Bradley & François Massonnet

YOPP LOGO b9682175ddThe World Weather Research Program’s (WWRP) Polar Prediction Program’s (PPP) Year of Polar Prediction (YOPP) Planning Summit was held in Geneva, Switzerland July 13-15, 2015.

Major goals of the meeting included:

  • Determining observing priorities and planning for intensive observing periods.
  • Identifying stakeholder needs
  • Planning for the YOPP data legacy
  • Beginning the process of collecting commitments from YOPP participants
  • Getting involved parties on the same page in the planning process

CliC SSG Co-Chair Gerhard Krinner presented CliC’s contributions, and CliC YOPP fellows Alice Bradley and Francois Massonnet co-chaired breakout group sessions on observations and modeling, respectively.  About 25 hard copies of the document highlighting planned CliC contributions to the YOPP effort were distributed at the meeting. This document was extremely well received. There were several subjects discussed at the YOPP summit that had been raised as particular areas of interest in previous CliC meetings, listed below.

Antarctic science was not well represented on the YOPP planning committee. This issue was raised early in discussions at the summit, and received more focus in the following days. One Antarctic intensive observing period has been planned for, with David Bromwich leading the organizing effort. Discussions at the summit concluded that increased coordination with SOOS, SORP, and SCAR in planning for the Antarctic IOP will be important for keeping the Antarctic science community represented in YOPP.

Data management was a major discussion point during the summit, and there was significant interest in getting more data onto GTS from existing stations. The WMO is aware of this need and will work with YOPP participants. A significant lesson from IPY was the need for a more concrete data management policy, and there will be specific requirements for data sharing for both modeling and observational groups participating in YOPP.

Data retrieval was recognized as one of the major areas where YOPP can help the community. There are stations in both the Arctic and the Antarctic that are not currently able to get data onto the WIS network. YOPP is working with the WMO in advance of the intensive observing periods to make sure that as much as possible of the data that is currently being collected is available in real time for numerical analysis and prediction.

Model output also received attention. It was stressed that modelling groups should be prepared to save model tendencies (time and space derivatives) in the atmosphere and the sea ice, at least. This type of output will be particularly valuable over intensive observing periods when a direct model-data comparison of the terms involved in equations of mass, momentum and energy will be possible.

Data assimilation garnered attention, too. Participants recognized the need to better understand the error structure of models that will be used, in order to transfer observable information everywhere in the model. The realization of data-denial type of experiments was also encouraged.

Sea ice modelling was emphasized many times during the breakout group discussions. It was suggested, among others, to test to what extent the most common EVP rheology is (un)realistic in high-resolution configurations. CliC’s Sea Ice Modeling Forum will be well suited to contribute to this effort.

Please see the full meeting report for the summary of the meeting. Further details will be coming soon in version 2 of the implementation plan.

[YOPP - The Year Of Polar Prediction Website]
[YOPP Summit Website]
[YOPP Summit Report]
[CliC Contribution to the YOPP effort]

Dr. Jenny Baeseman leaves the CliC Office

Baesemann Jenny GreenlandDr. Jenny Baeseman has been the CliC International Project Office Director since 2012. The renewed energy and activity now visible in CliC is largely attributable to her hard work and dedication. The CliC co-chairs, Scientific Steering Group and Executive Officer as well as the WCRP Director, Joint Planning Staff Officer, and the CliC community in general will certainly miss Jenny and all of the enthusiasm and organizational talent she brought to the CliC project. Much progress on our understanding of climate and cryosphere interactions has been made thanks to the numerous initiatives that she has developed these past three years.

Please join us in congratulating her on the next step in her career and wishing her all the best in her new adventures. Good luck Jenny!

Gwenaelle Hamon, CliC Executive Officer, is the focal point at the CliC Office until the Director position is filled. Please contact her () if you have any questions about CliC.

CliC Director Position Available

cliclogo1NPlogosmallThe Climate and the Cryosphere (CliC) Project and the Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI) invite applications for a temporary position (until January 31, 2018) as Director of the CliC International Project Office.

As a core project of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), the Climate and Cryosphere (CliC) Project encourages and promotes research into the cryosphere and its interactions as part of the global climate system. It seeks to focus attention on the most important issues, encourage communication between researchers with common interests in cryospheric and climate science, promote international co-operation, and highlight the importance of this field of science to policy makers, funding agencies, and the general public. CliC also publishes significant findings regarding the role of the cryosphere in climate, and recommends directions for future study.

The CliC International Project Office (CIPO) is hosted by the Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI), in Tromsø, Norway.

WCRP sponsors verticalThe application deadline is October 15, 2015.

More information on CliC is available at www.climate-cryosphere.org and www.wcrp-climate.org.
More information about the Norwegian Polar Institute can be found at www.npolar.no.

The job description and application information are available here.


New Article Available: 'Future Avenues for Permafrost Science', published in The Cryosphere -

-The Permafrost Young Researchers Workshop 2014 was sponsored by CliC

TheCryosphereA new article focusing on 'Future avenues for permafrost science from the perspective of early career researchers' was published in The Cryosphere.

This manuscript is a contribution to the 3rd International Conference on Arctic Research Planning 2015 (ICARP III), looking at the future of permafrost research. The top five research questions for the next decade of permafrost science from the perspective of Early Career Researchers (ECRs) were summarized in this article which highlights the pathways and structural preconditions to address these research priorities. This manuscript is an outcome of a community consultation conducted for and by ECRs on a global level.

While the consultation was being conducted and during the preparatory phase of the manuscript, the Permafrost Young Researchers Workshop 2014 was organized on June 18, in conjunction with the Fourth European Conference on Permafrost 2014, in Evora, Portugal. This CliC sponsored workshop included approximately 100 early career permafrost scientists and engineers and aimed to build interdisciplinary knowledge on how the Arctic and Antarctic permafrost regions play a key role in the Earth System. The report of the workshop is available here.

Citation: Fritz, M., Deshpande, B. N., Bouchard, F., Högström, E., Malenfant-Lepage, J., Morgenstern, A., Nieuwendam, A., Oliva, M., Paquette, M., Rudy, A. C. A., Siewert, M. B., Sjöberg, Y., and Weege, S.: Brief Communication: Future avenues for permafrost science from the perspective of early career researchers, The Cryosphere, 9, 1715-1720, 2015.

Future Directions for the World Climate Research Programme

-By Guy Brasseur and David Carlson, WCRP

WCRPAs climate uncertainties increase on many fronts, the international climate research community is taking stock of its current research efforts and developing an evolving set of strategies to address these uncertainties with relevance and skill. The community displays a strong sense of urgency and commitment, even in the face of substantial social, political, and financial obstacles. However, representatives and leaders of the community must address cuts and redistribution of research funding, support the efforts of numerous volunteers, and develop and disseminate a compelling message to sustain the focus and commitment of this valuable research community.

With partners from the national and international assessments community, climate scientists urgently need to evaluate recent research as well as scientific and political outcomes from a mutual and timely vantage point: to view assessment report products in light of ongoing research and, conversely, to scrutinize the directions of ongoing climate research following recent national and international assessments. However, valid concerns have emerged within the research community about the present focus and impact of climate research and about the probable effort and impact of subsequent assessments. These concerns center around the quality of subsequent products: How can the research community ensure substantial rather than incremental improvements, and will the impacts justify the efforts?

To address these concerns, science leaders from the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are in deep collaboration. Together, they have outlined several knowledge gaps.

Speaking for WCRP, we recognize that addressing these knowledge gaps requires continual reexamination. WCRP’s evolution must ensure relevant and timely science outcomes in the context of immediate and longer-term efforts to mitigate climate change while recognizing political and funding challenges.

Read the full article here.

Citation: Brasseur, G., and D. Carlson (2015), Future directions for the World Climate Research Programme, Eos, 96, doi:10.1029/2015EO033577. Published on 30 July 2015.